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incontinence是什么意思

incontinence

美 [ɪn'kɑntɪnəns]
  • n. [医] 失禁;无节制;不能自制

incontinence

助记提示


1. con- "together" + tin- + -ence.
2. => hold together, keep together, enclose.
3. 由此得出两种引申义:一、既然是握在一起的,那么就引申为“连续的,衔接在一起的”;二、既然被圈在一起、禁锢在一起,那么就引申义“节制、克制”。
4. 这里取第二种引申义。
5. in- "not, opposite of" + continence.

中文词源


incontinence 失禁

in-,不,非,continence,控制,节制。即无法控制的,后多用于指人的大小便失禁。

英文词源


incontinence (n.)
late 14c., "inability to restrain sexual desire, sexual immorality," later "inability to keep to a religious rule" (early 15c.), from Old French incontinence "lack of abstinence, unchastity" (12c.) or directly from Latin incontinentia "greediness; incontinence," noun of quality from incontinens "incontinent, immoderate, intemperate" (see incontinent). Meaning "inability to retain bodily functions" is from 1754.

双语例句


1. Incontinence is not just a condition of old age.
大小便失禁不仅仅是一种老年病。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Diarrhea may occur around the impaction and often with fecal incontinence.
在粪块嵌塞期间可发生腹泻,并常有大便失禁.

来自辞典例句

3. Bladder problems commonly lead to urinary incontinence or frequent urination.
膀胱失调往往导致尿失禁或是小便频数.

来自互联网

4. It includes brief information on the cause and management of urinary incontinence.
内容包括大、小便失禁的原因及处理.

来自互联网

5. Some female dogs may develop varying degrees of urinary incontinence after ovariohysterectomy.
有些雌性犬只在进行子宫卵巢切除术后,可能会发生不同程度的小便失禁.

来自互联网