无限前程英语大全 单词

abeyance是什么意思

abeyance

英 [ə'beɪəns] 美 [ə'beəns]
  • n. 中止,停顿;归属待定,暂搁

abeyance

中文词源


来自中世纪法语 abeiance(期待),源于拉丁语 batare(张口), 来自 a-(同 ad-,这里表示“at”)+ bey-(张嘴,词源同 bay,想想海湾是不是很像张开的嘴,实在太形象了)+ -ance(名词后缀)→ 字面意思就是“处于张嘴期待的状态”,这在法语中原本是一个法律术语,在法语中表示“某人有望获得某份财产”,因此这个人就会“张嘴期待”,相当于我们中国人的习惯说法“翘首期待”,进入英语后表示“某份财产处于归属待定的状态”,现在在日常生活中表示某一工作或活动处于搁置、停顿状态。同源词:bay(海湾)。

英文词源


abeyance (n.)
1520s, from Anglo-French abeiance "suspension," also "expectation (especially in a lawsuit)," from Old French abeance "aspiration, desire," noun of condition of abeer "aspire after, gape" from à "at" (see ad-) + ba(y)er "be open," from Latin *batare "to yawn, gape" (see abash).

Originally in French a legal term, "condition of a person in expectation or hope of receiving property;" it turned around in English law to mean "condition of property temporarily without an owner" (1650s). Root baer is also the source of English bay (n.2) "recessed space," as in "bay window."

双语例句


1. The matter was left in abeyance until Haig saw French.
事情被搁置了起来,直到黑格见到法国人。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The question is in abeyance until we know more about it.
问题暂时搁置,直到我们了解更多有关情况再行研究.

来自《简明英汉词典》

3. The law was held in abeyance for well over twenty years.
这项法律被搁置了二十多年.

来自《简明英汉词典》

4. The decision is in abeyance until the returns from holiday.
那项决议在他度假回来之前一直搁置着.

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. The sanctions againt the country fell into abeyance yesterday.
对那个国家的制裁昨天中止.

来自《简明英汉词典》